As we head into the thick of the 2023 hiring season, it’s time to update one of my most popular posts with a 2023 edition of top assistant principal interview questions!
The assistant principalship is a great entry into school administration. It provides a good balance of leadership while staying connected with students. You get a small pay bump which doesn’t hurt if you’re pursuing financial independence.
It’s also a challenging position. That challenge starts with getting hired. Assistant principal interviews are highly competitive with dozens (or even hundreds) of assistant principal candidates for each position.
You’ll need to plan how to prepare for an assistant principal interview in order to be successful. I can help!
Let’s go through some common assistant principal interview questions and how you might answer them. I’ll also leave you with a short list of questions to ask at the end of your interview.
Afterward, you may want to take some time to work through teacher interview questions – just to sharpen your instructional leadership voice!
Prepare as much as you can for the interview process. You’ll get the job.
(And if you don’t your first assistant principal job, these tips and strategies will help you be ready for your next interview to be an assistant principal.)
Table of contents
- Assistant Principal Interview Questions and Answers
- Why Do You Want To Be An Assistant Principal?
- What Makes For An Effective Team?
- How Do You Handle Student Discipline?
- How Would You Handle Challenging Parent Situations?
- What Is Your Experience Building School Schedules?
- Where Do You Want To Be in 5 Years?
- How Do You Approach Underperforming Teachers?
- What is Your Experience with <insert key school initiative>?
- How Do You Ensure All Students Are Successful At This School?
- What Is It Important to Keep In Mind When Supervising Extracurricular Activities?
- Assistant Principal Interview Tips
- How Should I Prepare for An Assistant Principal Interview?
- What Should I Wear to An Assistant Principal Interview?
- What Should I Expect From the Hiring Process?
- What Questions Should I Ask the Hiring Team?
- What If I Don’t Get The Job?
- Other Information to Help You Prepare for the Assistant Principal Interview Process
Get a free list of more than 200 administrative questions to help you prepare: Principal Interview Questions
Assistant Principal Interview Questions and Answers
Start by checking out my list of over 200 principal interview questions. Many of these great interview questions are common in all levels of administrative job interviews. Reading through them will give you an idea of the full span of questions you might face.
Now, let’s narrow in on some questions specific to assistant principal hiring. I’ll also offer some advice on how you might answer the question.
Each question will have a quick overview, followed by keys to answering the question and things to avoid. Then, I’ll give a small part of an answer snippet as an example.
Why Do You Want To Be An Assistant Principal?
You will undoubtedly get some version of this question. It may be framed as why you want to work at that specific school. Even if it’s not – your answer should include passion for the school/district you are interviewing with. If you don’t feel that passion – you shouldn’t want that job anyway.
Answer keys: Focus on your ability to impact. You want to improve student achievement, support teachers, and connect with the community in your leadership role. An assistant principal position gives you all those things.
Avoid: How it benefits you. No one really cares about your career ambitions, your need to make more money, or your lust for status.
Example: “As a teacher, I’ve seen and experienced the benefits of having someone passionate about their job in administration. It’s tough to leave the classroom, but as an assistant principal I can help those students who need it most, support and learn from teachers throughout the building, and help continue the great work going on here at XYZ School. As an assistant principal I can…”
What Did You Learn From The Pandemic? (2021 addition)
The pandemic, and subsequent closure (full or partial) of many schools is at the forefront of education right now. It is a real possibility that any school leader will get questions related to the pandemic response during interviews this year. They may not be this direct, but may refer to distance learning, online instruction, emergency preparedness, or inequitable outcomes for students.
Answer keys: Talk about the positive ways in which you responded, changes you’ve made, or what you learned that you’ll apply going forward. Focus on the impact on students, not adults and how you are committed to making sure that we retain any positives while working to undo the damage.
Avoid: Arguing about the pandemic itself, or the government response. Do not focus on your own personal struggles beyond (if necessary) a quick mention and pivot to how you responded positively for students.
Example: “The pandemic created unprecedented challenges for our profession. It highlighted the importance of us being prepared for anything. It’s also important for us to recognize that it hit some of our students, and community, harder than others. I’m hopeful we take this opportunity …”
What Makes For An Effective Team?
(Or… Describe Your Experience as a Member of An Effective Team.)
This question is designed to tell the principal how you will work with them. Others in the room will be listening for your leadership style.
Answer keys: Focus on the power of a team. Take a look at Google’s keys to an effective team. Talk about how healthy debate leading to collective implementation is important for good decision making and leadership teams. Mention loyalty – everyone cares about that to some degree.
Avoid: Asserting yourself as a hero leader. You may be the most brilliant human on the planet, but no one wants to work with someone who believes themselves to be the most brilliant human on the planet. Do not give hints of autocracy.
Example: “There is nothing quite as amazing as being part of a great team. A good team has members with complementary skills focused on shared goals. A good team requires that we all depend on and trust each other. We debate in an atmosphere of psychological safety, but once the decision has been made, we collectively take responsibility for it. I learned a lot by being part of <insert team experience here>… “
How Do You Handle Student Discipline?
(What is Your Philosophy of…)
You can count on this one. Most AP positions are focused on student discipline. Even if yours isn’t specifically, there will be times you support it. Know your philosophy and be clear about it. You do not want to get a position where your approach is mismatched with the school expectations.
If you value relationship-building and creating a safe space for students, remember to emphasize that in your answer. And remember to try find a school that matches your own philosophy as a new assistant principal.
Answer keys: Stay true to your philosophy. Do your research in advance on the approach the school uses. (Discipline expectations or handbooks are almost always posted online) Focus on how you help students be successful while also ensuring learning continues.
Avoid: Criminalizing or demeaning students in your answer. Our job is to support students, not punish them. If you believe otherwise, you shouldn’t be going into school administration.
Example: “When I was researching how <school name> approaches student management, I saw that you use <reference program/structure.> That fits well with my philosophy and approach. I believe behavior is the function of the environment and there are a number of steps we can take to support students both before and after they’ve made a mistake. We want to make sure a student can be successful and that teachers can continue teaching. The best way to do this is…”
How Would You Handle Challenging Parent Situations?
As with student discipline – expect that dealing with complex stakeholder situations is now a part of your responsibility. This is one of the most challenging skills for a new leader who has never been in a room where people may not be interested in a logical resolution.
Answer keys: Staff need to believe you will support them. Recognize parents are an important part of the school community. Make it clear that you are not conflict averse and are willing to dig into hard situations.
Avoid: The temptation to attack parents. Do not promise that staff will be 100% right – it’s not realistic and will eventually create integrity issues.
Example: “I always work to remember that parents are advocating for their child in the best way they know how. Starting there helps me work through even the most challenging situations. At the same time, I never immediately assume their version of events is 100% accurate. I’ll always protect the classroom learning environment and of course it goes without saying that I’ll follow contractual and district policies around complaint procedures. I’m always glad to listen, and then I’ll talk directly to the educator about what happened and what resolution they’d prefer. Then, I… ”
What Is Your Experience Building School Schedules?
This one isn’t always a part of assistant principal interviews, but in many schools the responsibility for building the schedule is assigned to an assistant principal.
Answer keys: Describe your experience. Know in advance what type of schedule (semester, trimester, block, 7-period etc.) the school runs on.
Avoid: Pretending you have experience in something you don’t. Explaining why the schedule at your current school is superior.
Example: “I noticed that you are operating on a semester block schedule. While most of my experience is with a 7-period schedule, I believe the keys to a good schedule are (insert your own beliefs here.) I look forward to digging into the schedule and will do everything needed to quickly learn what I need to know.”
Where Do You Want To Be in 5 Years?
This is a standard question in many interviews and is generally regarded as annoying. In an assistant principal interview though, it’s less trivial. People are listening to how you balance ambition and a dedication to the school. It’s expected that you want to be a school principal eventually…but not that you’re racing to it.
Answer keys: Express commitment to the job you are interviewing for. Emphasize learning and being open to future possibilities.
Avoid: Giving the impression that you’re viewing the role as a stepping stone. Growth is fine, “climbing” is not in many people’s eyes.
Example: “Five years from now I hope I’ve been able to help this team and the school achieve amazing things. With everything I’ve learned from this team by then, I’d be open to other leadership opportunities if they made sense, but I’m not focused on that now. I always focus on doing everything I can to do well in the role I’m in.”
How Do You Approach Underperforming Teachers?
A key question with a very different emphasis depending on who is asking it! Remember, that no one (even the teacher) benefits from underperformance in the classroom. Don’t shy away from this question – you should have a good answer if you’re ready to be a leader. Take time to think about these situations and conflict resolution.
Remember, you might be supervising teachers, but it’s helpful to take a “we’re in this together” approach.
Answer keys: Balance high expectations with a supportive approach. Including both in your response will let all stakeholders hear what they need to hear from you.
Avoid: Coming across as anti-teacher or accepting of poor teaching. No one wants either in a leader.
Example: “Part of my role is to help teachers be successful. If a teacher is ‘underperforming’ by some metric, then the first question has to be ‘how can I help them meet expectations?’ Before these conversations even start, I’ll have been in the classroom observing, having conversations about expectations, and doing everything I can to eliminate barriers to great teaching. I start with the premise that every teacher wants to be great and work from there. Then, I sit down…“
What is Your Experience with <insert key school initiative>?
This question is why advance research is key. If you already know the key school initiatives, you’re ready to go with examples, or research. Sometimes, it may be so new that it didn’t turn up in your preparation research. Don’t be afraid – you can still handle this one well!
Answer keys: If you have experience with the topic, you’re well-prepared to knock this one out of the park. Make sure your examples include how you’ve worked with the initiative in the past. If not, be ready to describe how you’ll learn more. Emphasize the practitioners in the building as experts you can learn from.
Avoid: Assuming that your experience matches perfectly with the school version. Positioning yourself as THE expert. Pretending you know something you don’t.
Example: “Project based learning is a passion of mine. In my current role, I’ve led several inservices on it and mentor newer teachers on implementing PBL. I also know that each school takes a slightly different approach, so I’d be eager to learn from you how it works here. As a teacher I’ve….”
How Do You Ensure All Students Are Successful At This School?
It’s amazing to me how many applicants miss the richness of this question and fail to use it to establish themselves as exceptional candidates. This is literally the entire point of an educational leadership job. Treat it that way.
Having a thoughtful response helps show you’re ready to support student learning in a school leadership role.
Answer keys: Voice a clear commitment to equity. Name student outcomes as a priority. Recognize individualized approaches. Give an example of how you’ve done this in your current practice or leadership role.
Avoid: Blaming students or families for underperformance. Giving the impression that you have low expectations for any group of students.
Example: “Ensuring all students are successful is why I do this work. Our system has failed some students for far too long and it’s important that we intentionally correct those inequitable outcomes. That will require all of us to have high expectations for every student, examine our own practices, and resist doing what we’ve always done. As a teacher, I’ve always used frequent assessment to….”
What Is It Important to Keep In Mind When Supervising Extracurricular Activities?
As an assistant principal, it’s virtually certain that supervising extracurricular activities is part of your job. It’s not glamorous, but it is important for many assistant principals to think about before your interview.
Answer keys: Recognize the importance of extracurricular activities. Emphasize safety. Give an example if you have one.
Avoid: Complaining about supervision. Talking like you’ll be running a prison camp.
Example: “Getting our students and community into the building is so important for a healthy school. It’s also a great opportunity to interact with them in a different environment. When supervising, I focus on the safety of all participants as my primary responsibility. I ensure that I move throughout the event, stay alert for…”
Assistant Principal Interview Tips
Of course, a successful interview isn’t just about answering the questions in the moment. You may have other questions about how to be successful. Here are some other common ones I’ve answered for aspiring administrators.
How Should I Prepare for An Assistant Principal Interview?
If you’re reading this post there’s a good chance you’re already doing more preparation than the vast majority of candidates! That’s a great start.
Most important – research the school/district you are interviewing with. It won’t tell you everything you need to know, but being able to reference a specific thing about the school will leapfrog you above most candidates.
In particular, I suggest finding the following information:
- School population
- Student achievement and performance
- Strategic plans / initiatives
- Important community partnerships
For most schools this information is all available online. If you happen to know someone at the school, set up a conversation to learn their perspective and make a list of questions to ask.
What Should I Wear to An Assistant Principal Interview?
Unless you know that the school intentionally takes a very relaxed stance, I would suggest dressing at the business casual level or above. Some principals will have very specific expectations regarding dress, but it’s virtually impossible to know that in advance. Instead, dress nicely at the level which you remain comfortable.
Dressing in full business attire will help you stand out. Just make sure you appear relaxed in other ways so you don’t come across as too stuffy.
You do not need to buy a suit if you don’t own one. Just wear your best and let your skill and passion shine through.
What Should I Expect From the Hiring Process?
You can read about the full principal hiring process here. In some places, that will be replicated pretty closely for assistant principal hiring. In others, you’ll just have a single interview with the principal and possibly other committee members.
In general, you should expect two rounds of interviews and a performance task or two. Common performance tasks include a teacher observation and data or schedule analysis.
In some districts, the superintendent or a senior district official will conduct a final interview for all administrative positions. In most, the school principal will select the assistant principal(s) for their school.
What Questions Should I Ask the Hiring Team?
Asking good questions when given the opportunity helps establish rapport and set you apart. Some candidates will simply have none. This is interpreted as either apathy, overconfidence, or lack of depth. Have some questions prepared.
If you’ve done your research (do it!), note a few areas of focus or challenges the school is facing. If these aren’t addressed in the interview, ask questions that address the school’s areas of focus.
“I noticed the school has been using XYZ curriculum for two years. What’s gone well and what results are you seeing?”
The Circle Back
During the interview, you may answer a question and want to follow-up to find out more information but the time isn’t right. This is a great opportunity to come back to a topic and ask clarifying questions.
“You asked me earlier about how ensuring all students are successful. I’d love to hear about your existing approach to that?”
The Stakeholder Connection
If you can’t get a good vibe on a certain stakeholder in the room, this is an opportunity to try for a connection.
“I’m so glad to see parents on this hiring team. How do you prefer assistant principals engage with you?”
Never ask in the interview about salary. It’s absolutely okay to ask the hiring manager or at a different step in the process, but the interview is not the time!
Always ask the team to provide you with information about their needs from the position. This demonstrates your openness to listen AND your acknowledgement that they’ll select the best person.
Also – an interview is an exchange of information. If what they describe is not what you want to be, then you know the job isn’t a fit for you – even if it’s offered. This is a worthy outcome.
“What are you looking for in an assistant principal?” or “What do you need from this position to help you and the school be successful?”
What If I Don’t Get The Job?
Always always always be gracious and ask for feedback. You may be a very close second, or another position may open up. It’s hard dealing with disappointment, but your actions at this moment can set you up for future success.
“I’m glad to hear you got a great candidate for the job. I really enjoyed meeting the team and know the school will be successful. Do you have any feedback for me?”
Other Information to Help You Prepare for the Assistant Principal Interview Process
Here are other posts I’ve written about the administrative hiring process.
- How to Craft a Powerful Principal Resume
- 200+ School Principal Interview Questions (downloadable list)
- What to Expect in a School Principal Hiring process
- Interview Tips for Teachers and Principals
I hope this information helps you feel ready for the interview. I’m excited for you and hope you get the job! We need great school administrators to support teachers and students.
Edward McMillon says
Thanks for the information. I interview today.
Sue Lange says
I have an interview tomorrow, as competition is tough and job difficult. These questions are what I study every time I am getting ready for AP position or some. Good questions, I hope to be hired one day..it’s my 3rd attempt.
I hope it went well! Those AP jobs are so tough because the pools are often big. You’ll get it eventually, and then it will never be that hard again.
Dinorah Peralta says
I have an interview tomorrow! I am very grateful for this post! It has been extremely helpful!
I’m glad that I found this article I went on a second interview. However , did not get the AP position. This will be my first AP position. After reading through this article I will be better prepared for the next interview.
Keep at it! Those AP jobs can be tough to get – it often takes several tries. Think of each as skill building – you’ll get one soon!
Sharon Godfrey-Garcia says
Would you recommend taking a copy of my resume and letters of recommendation to an interview or not? (All of these have been uploaded already and, I assume, reviewed when making the decision to call me for an interview).
In my experience, your assumption is correct. I suppose it wouldn’t hurt to have copies with you – but it shouldn’t be necessary. I’d certainly spend my time on other preparation if time is short.
I just had a interview for an AP position and a lot of these questions were asked. Wish J would of read this beforehand. Thanks for the clear and easy to understand answers with the avoid what not to do examples too.
Oh, that’s great feedback. I’m glad to know it applies! I hope you get good news.
Dorcy Neuman says
What happens if you just go blank and can’t answer a question?
First – don’t just ramble or make something up! I’ve seen this, and it’s painful for everyone involved. Two strategies – first, you can buy time by asking them to repeat the question. Second – if this is something you know you’re likely to do, I’ve seen candidates take notes while each question is asked. Having it written down and being able to bullet point a response can help avoid the blankness. Worst case, just be honest that you’ve had a moment (we all do) and ask if you can come back to that when it clicks for you.
Great information and help to prepare for the interview process. I have been contacted to come in for a second interview. Any advice or guidance? Thanks so much!
Great preparation information, however it would also be helpful to know what to bring to an interview as well. Especially for teachers interviewing for an assistant principal job!
When they contact to schedule the interview, I’d always make a point of asking if there is anything you need to bring. Outside of that, I typically just bring a notepad to make some notes on if I have questions or a point comes up in the interview. You can also use this to put a few key points on at the top before the interview so you don’t forget! I’ve found that unless specifically asked for, things like portfolios or work examples are rarely needed and can end up being awkward. Keep it light and flexible in my opinion. Best of luck!
Linda Matshoba says
The session has broadened my interview approach, enable me to learn in the process that learning is an on going process just as life. Equipped me with do not and do in planning phase, implementing and post interview phases. Critical insights of professional preparedness ,self evaluations and critical educational challenges.
Denise Henry says
This was great information. I am preparing for an early interview.
I’m glad it was helpful. It’s an important first step to get selected for an interview – best of luck!
This is awesome information!!!! Very helpful, thank you so much!
I’m glad it’s helpful! Let me know how it goes.